People suggest that a keto or ketogenic diet is among the best option to induce Ketosis. The said diet primarily excels at burning body fat. It achieves that by shifting the body’s fuel source from carbs to fats. Also, a keto diet, by nature, is a diet that relies very minimally on carbs. To know more, read through our article on what is Ketosis.
In general, patients with diabetes are more prone to Ketosis. There are a few underlying reasons for that. Firstly, the inability of the body to produce insulin. Secondly, even if the body is producing enough insulin, there’s a flaw in its functionality. The mentioned reasons refer to patients with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, respectively.
In this article, we’ll discuss in detail what is Ketosis, how it works, and its effect on diabetic patients.
What Is Ketosis?
The human body makes use of sugar (glucose) as its primary source to produce energy. Foods sources that are rich in starch, sugar, and carbs are efficient sources of glucose.
The body cannot derive energy in its present form, so it breaks them down into simpler forms of sugar. It then makes use of sugar to produce energy for the body.
Whatever sugar the body doesn’t use, it stores them in muscles and liver in the form of glycogen. In the case the body isn’t able to find glucose, it opts for other fuel alternatives.
That is when fats come into play and provide an alternative fuel source for the body. It taps into triglycerides and extracts glucose to produce energy.
What is Ketosis? It’s simply a metabolic process that the body undergoes. During Ketosis, the body makes use of body fats in the absence of glucose. As a result, the body builds up an acid called ketone, a by-product.
The by-product of Ketosis gets accumulated in the blood. It exits the body through the urinary tract as part of the excretion process.
When the of ketones in the blood is low, it simply signifies the burning of fat. But in the case of high concentration, Ketosis may lead to ketoacidosis, that is, poisoning of the body.
Thus, in brief, Ketosis involves the building up of ketones in the body as it burns fat stores to generate energy.
Ketosis Through A Keto Diet
A keto diet specifically targets fats stored in the body and uses that as the primary fuel source. The diet contains a high amount of fat and a very small amount of carbs.
Usually, a keto diet derives around 70% of calories from fat alone. Only 10% calories come from carbs and 20% from proteins.
At the same time, the above is only an example. There exist many variations of a keto diet. And the type of keto diet an individual follows determines the proportion of nutrients.
A keto diet is an efficient method for people who wish to lose weight on a short-term basis. That’s because the diet helps people to curb hunger pangs by depending on fewer amounts of calories.
Thus, Ketosis, the metabolic state, achieves weight loss through a keto diet.
Prerequisites For Ketosis
The most important factor in triggering Ketosis is the absence of another energy alternative. The aim is to deplete carbs that may act as a fuel source for the body.
For Ketosis, it’s vital to keep the intake of carbs to a bare minimum. An intake of around 20-50 gm of carbs in a day is optimal.
That is, the lesser the carb intake, the better the ketosis efficiency. But since the level of metabolism across individuals varies, the amount of carb intake varies too.
It’s pertinent that one stays away from a few food items. These include soft drinks loaded with sugar, candy, and grains. Cutting back on fruits, potatoes, and legumes will also improve the efficiency of Ketosis.
Thus, in the case of Ketosis, the focus remains on a low-carb diet. That is in alignment with a keto diet that relies on a low-carb, high-fat diet.
Once the body burns fat stores, it releases fatty acids. At the same time, insulin levels also decrease.
After oxidization, the synthesis of ketones occurs in the liver, where the fatty acids arrive eventually. The body employs such molecules to produce energy.
Ketosis With Regards To Brain
Ketosis offers an alternative energy source for the brain.
It’s a fact that dietary carbs act as an efficient and vital source of energy for the brain. Also, carbs are the only fuel for certain brain cells, and thus, glucose makes for an efficient option.
At the same time, dietary carbs aren’t the only source from which the brain derives energy. Ketones, synthesized as a by-product during Ketosis, are an effective energy source for the brain. That holds true in the case of low-carb diets and starvation especially.
Ketones make up for up to 25% of the brain’s energy needs in case of a 3-days low-carb diet. The brain may fulfill as much as 60% of its energy requirements if starvation becomes long-term.
Through Ketosis, the brain can very well make use of fatty acid molecules or proteins to generate glucose. The synthesis of glucose by way of Ketosis is Gluconeogenesis.
Thus, the brain, apart from carbs, can fulfill its needs for energy through gluconeogenesis or Ketosis.
That concludes the article on what is Ketosis, the process of Ketosis as well as its health benefits. Apart from weight loss and helping the brain by offering an efficient energy source, it has various other benefits.
Ketosis helps children suffering from epilepsy by lessening the number of seizures. It also assists in lowering the levels of blood sugar in the body.
At the same time, there can be negative ramifications of Ketosis. Also, Keto involves a strict diet plan, and that itself is difficult to maintain.
There’s also ambiguity among experts regarding the impact of low carbs diet on weight loss.
That’s why the positive effects of Keto really vary from one person to the other.